Air-Conditioning Noises

automotive air-conditioning compressorAutomotive Air-conditioning Compressor

Air-conditioning noises can indicate proper operation as well as an indication there is a problem developing or present. At times I'm asked to listen to a certain noise the air-conditioning system is making and provide feedback about what it means.

In this article we'll discuss both sides of the subject. This will include normal noises you should hear from the air conditioner when it's working properly, but first we'll tackle the bad sounds that should be investigated further.

Bad Air Conditioning Noises

Most people are interested in the noises their air-conditioning system shouldn't be making, so we will address those first. Squealing sounds are perhaps the most common complaint from drivers. In this situation the serpentine belt is often the culprit. These belt noises can sound like a major problem and are sometimes mistaken for bearing failure.

It's tempting, but not recommended to use belt dressing for diagnosis, because it contains oils that can damage the rubber. Instead use a high output spray bottle of water and carefully spray the belt to see if the noise disappears. If it stops squealing this is an indication it needs further inspection.

A worn or stretched out serpentine belt along with a malfunctioning tensioner are some of the problems that can develop with an air-conditioning drive belt. However, poor quality parts can make a racket all on their own. I prefer to use Continental Elite or Goodyear Gatorback engine belts with quite technology when replacing parts. Bad compressor pulley bearings can also make noise. In this situation it increases when the compressor clutch is engaged. Determining the difference between belt and compressor problems can be tricky.

If the belt is old you might consider replacing it for maintenance reasons and see if it solves the noise problem. If you need more information on this subject I have posted some diagnostic information and several popular drive belt diagrams on my other site. When in doubt seek professional diagnosis.

A buzzing noise from the compressor when the air-conditioning clutch is engaged is often a sign of an overcharged system. In this scenario the buzzing sound is caused by liquid refrigerant entering the compressor.

Of course, this condition is most common after an air-conditioning service when too much Freon has been added. If this is the case it needs to be corrected as soon as possible, because it can damage the compressor. Also note the AC will not cool properly when it's overcharged.

Next up is knocking or clicking sounds while the air conditioner is running. This is often caused by loose mounting bolts that secure individual air-conditioning components. This isn't as common as the above conditions, but I have found this issue more then once.

This may actually be the best case scenario for car owners when it comes to air-conditioning noises. Tightening a few bolts and adding some thread locking compound will solve the problem for good.

Hearing Good AC Noises

AC expansion valve

Many times a friend or customer will ask me to come listen to a strange hissing sound when the automobile is turned off. Naturally, this is after running the air conditioner for a while on a hot summer day. Although this hissing noise, sounds like a bad noise, it's actually a good air conditioning noise.

The hissing sound is caused by equalizing pressure. When the car AC system is running there is a high side and a low side that's divided by either an expansion valve or an orifice tube. These two separate sides of the system are necessary for proper operation.

When the vehicle is turned off or the air-conditioning compressor clutch is disengaged the system will equalize the pressure. The hissing sound is the Freon from the high pressure side slowly feeding into the low pressure side and this is completely normal.

Another good air-conditioning noise is the roar of the condenser fan. When the AC is running the condenser fan will pull additional air through the radiator and the condenser, removing heat from the freon gas and returning it to a liquid state.

This can cause additional noise that's not present when the system is turned off. Often this additional noise is sensed as a problem by the driver as it can be quite loud. You can check with your auto mechanic to make sure that this is a normal condition.

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